In Keegan v United Kingdom (Application No. 28867/ 03) judgment given 18th July 2006, the Strasbourg court found violations of Article 8 and Article 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The court found that the domestic law, which would have required the claimants to prove malice (see Keegan v Chief Constable of Merseyside  1 WLR 2187), did not provide a sufficient remedy for what had happened. The Court found that the exercise of powers to interfere with home and private life must be confined within reasonable bounds and that in a case where basic steps to verify the connection between the address and the offence under investigation were not effectively carried out, the resulting police action which caused considerable fear and harm could not be regarded as proportionate.
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