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“For me, Garden Court is a ‘go-to set’ for protest work. Their counsels’ knowledge and skill in this specialist area is in a different class. They are approachable, understand what drives protest clients and how to represent them in and out of court. I can’t recommend them highly enough.”

Raj Chada, Partner, Hodge Jones & Allen Solicitors

"The set enjoys a strong reputation for claimants challenging police misconduct”

Chambers UK Bar Guide - Police Law

"Impressed solicitors note that the individuals at the set represent an amazing level of excellence."

Chambers UK Bar Guide - Criminal Defence

"The set's members are routinely involved in high-profile cases arising from major protests, with recent work for the tenants including the representation of several anti-arms trade protesters in DPP v Ziegler and Others, a case involving complex questions surrounding freedom of assembly and expression."

Chambers UK Bar Guide - Protest Rights

"The barristers at Garden Court Chambers are well versed in the representation of protesters in both civil and criminal litigation."

Chambers UK Bar Guide - Protest Rights

To contact the Civil Liberties Clerks, please email

To contact the Criminal Defence Clerks, please email

Alternatively, please call +44 (0)20 7993 7600

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Garden Court Chambers is nationally renowned for its expertise in successfully defending the right to protest for a wide range of progressive campaigners.

We have a long history of representing protestors in criminal and civil litigation, over many decades including the Mangrove 9, Poll Tax protestors, striking miners at Orgreave, Brian Haw’s occupation of Parliament Square and the Occupy movement.

We have been instructed to represent activists in most of the major protests of recent years including those against fracking, climate change, racism, war, austerity and the arms trade.

Protecting the right to freedom of expression and assembly is at the core of our founding ethos to hold state agents to account and promote fundamental human rights.


Garden Court is unique in possessing expertise across all areas of the law relating to protest: from criminal defence to injunctions to civil action and public law challenges. 

Our protest law barristers are regularly instructed by all of the solicitor firms ranked by the Network for Police Monitoring (Netpol) as ‘Highly Commended’ in their Protest Solicitors List. Netpol monitors public order, protest and street policing.

Garden Court Chambers is highly ranked by the legal directories for police actions, criminal defence, civil liberties and human rights, including a number of Band 1 silks and juniors. Clients benefit from our multi-disciplinary expertise across all of these areas, allowing us to provide a seamless service, unrivalled by most other chambers.

We have a long-standing track record of pursuing bold and innovative points of law through the courts to secure the best possible outcome for our clients. We have represented campaigners in the criminal courts and the civil courts, including the High Court, Court of Appeal, Supreme Court and the European Court of Human Rights. 

Our barristers have lectured and written widely on protest law. Members of our team have written ‘The Protest Handbook’, which covers both the criminal and civil aspects of protest law. 

We are closely involved in the Netpol Lawyers Group, a group of protest lawyers affiliated to the Network for Police Monitoring.



Garden Court barristers have significant expertise challenging the use of civil injunctions by public authorities and corporations to prevent and restrict the rights of protesters, including injunctions against “persons unknown. We have acted in most of the lead cases in which injunctions under the Protection From Harassment Act 1997 were transposed to the protest context. 

We also have extensive knowledge of human rights defences to civil injunctions associated with our leading expertise defending the rights of Gypsies and Travellers.

We have successfully challenged injunctions against animal rights protestors and environmental protestors, for example Plane Stupid and anti-fracking protestors demonstrating against INEOS and UKOG.


Civil Claims and Public Law Challenges

Our Civil Liberties and Public Law barristers can assist solicitors and campaigners with:

  • Upholding protestors' rights under Articles 8, 9, 10 and 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights
  • Challenging the excessive or unlawful use of force by police officers
  • Obtaining apologies
  • Securing compensation where authorities and companies have acted unlawfully
  • Changes to police practice through disciplinary and civil actions against the police
  • Judicial review proceedings where the law has been misapplied
  • Pre-emptively, or after the event, public law challenges to unlawful arrests, police decisions to take DNA, fingerprints or photos, decisions to retain or disclose sensitive personal information to third parties on criminal records checks for employers, or visa applications
  • Pre-litigation advice to campaigners on criminal and civil liability for direct action protests.
  • Planning and environmental law challenges and injunctions on behalf of campaigners to prevent unlawful development and climate change emissions

To contact the Civil Liberties Clerks, please email or phone +44 (0)20 7993 7600


Defending protestors in criminal proceedings

Our criminal defence protest law barristers are nationally renowned for representing protesters in the criminal courts alongside the top ranked protest solicitors in the UK. They have gathered a wealth of knowledge from many of the most high profile protest cases in recent years. 

In 2015 our crime team won the Legal 500 Crime Set of the Year Award and we have since been shortlisted for the award a further two times. 

Our criminal defence team has secured a number of acquittals including for Greenpeace, Occupy protestors, anti-fracking protestors, anti-racism demonstrators and many more (see examples of notable cases below). 

How our criminal defence protest specialists can help:

  • Scrutinising and challenging police powers (e.g. stop and search) or CPS decisions 
  • Representing defendants in court charged with public order offences
  • Mobilising human rights arguments during criminal trials
  • Defences of justification on the basis of prevention of crime and necessity

To contact the Civil Liberties Clerks, please email or phone +44 (0)20 7993 7600


Recent notable cases and news

Supreme Court upholds right to disruptive protest on highway

The Appellants were represented by Henry Blaxland QC and Owen Greenhall, both members of the Garden Court Chambers Protest Team, and Blinne Ní Ghrálaigh of Matrix Chambers. They were instructed by Raj Chada of Hodge, Jones and Allen solicitors.

25 June 2021

Appeals allowed for Extinction Rebellion Protests

Owen Greenhall and Audrey Cherryl Mogan, members of the Garden Court Chambers Protest Team, represented the appellants. They were instructed by Raj Chada (HJA) and Lydia Dagostino (Kellys).

4 May 2021

Defend our Freedom to Protest - Why the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill is Dangerous

Blog by our Jacob Bindman, Russell Fraser and Zehrah Hasan, members of the Garden Court Chambers Protest Law Team.

18 March 2021

Administrative Court overturn conviction for refusing to provide name and address in relation to suspected breach of Coronavirus Regulations

Tom Wainwright of the Garden Court Criminal Defence and Protest Teams represented Neale instructed by Patrick Ormerod of Bindmans Solicitors.

23 February 2021

High Court radically scales back UK Oil and Gas protest injunction

Stephanie Harrison QC, Stephen Simblet QC and Fatima Jichi represented Weald Action Group protestors. Stephen Clark also represented protestors.

9 February 2021

Lord Chief Justice quashes Stansted 15 convictions

Owen Greenhall of the Garden Court Crime and Protest Rights Teams was instructed to represent the appellants.

29 January 2021

'The Protest Handbook (2nd Ed.)' co-authored by Tom Wainwright and Owen Greenhall launches today

Tom Wainwright and Owen Greenhall, of the Garden Court Chambers Protest Law Team, are co-authors of The Protest Handbook (2nd Ed.). Order here.

26 November 2020

Danielle Manson features in 'Miss Vogue' on how to protect yourself whilst protesting

Our Danielle Manson, of the Garden Court Criminal Defence Team and member of Black Protest Legal Support, speaks to Miss Vogue advising on how to protect yourself whilst protesting.

10 June 2020

Application to end draconian UKOG injunction banning peaceful protest at oil sites in Surrey and Sussex

Stephanie Harrison QC, Joint Head of Chambers and a member of the Garden Court Chambers Civil Liberties Team is representing five protesters.

24 March 2020

Court of Appeal overturns draconian injunctions preventing protests against INEOS fracking activities

Stephanie Harrison QC and Stephen Simblet represented Joe Corré. Henry Blaxland QC & Stephen Clark represented Friends of the Earth.

3 April 2019

The 'Stansted 15' have today been kept out of prison following their conviction last year for Endangering Safety at an Aerodrome

Nine of the Defendants were represented by members of the Garden Court Crime Team – Dexter Dias QC, Tom Wainwright, Owen Greenhall, Terry Munyard, Susan Wright, Abigail Bache and Jacob Bindman, all instructed by Raj Chada of Hodge, Jones and Allen.

6 February 2019

Six environmental campaigners appear in High Court this week to challenge broad injunction sought by UK Oil and Gas (UKOG)

Garden Court's Stephanie Harrison QC, Tim Baldwin, Stephen Simblet and Owen Greenhall are instructed in the case by Michael Oswald of Bhatt Murphy Solicitors. 

4 July 2018

Acquitted hunt saboteur features in BBC documentary

Ms Scott, who was acquitted, was represented by Owen Greenhall of the Garden Court Crime Team.

17 May 2018

High Court legal challenge secures delay to wide-ranging injunction against environmental protestors

The campaigners are represented by Stephanie Harrison QC leading Timothy Baldwin and Stephen Simblet leading Anna Morris of Garden Court Chambers.

21 March 2018

Greenpeace Anti-Fracking Activists Not Guilty

All 10 activists were represented by Owen Greenhall of the Garden Court Crime Team.

7 November 2017

DSEI protesters who acted to stop sale of illegal weapons acquitted

One of the defendants was represented by Owen Greenhall of Garden Court Chambers.

18 April 2016

CPS drops case against arms factory protest after High Court declares injunction void

Owen Greenhall acted in the High Court proceedings and both Owen and Tom Wainwright acted in the criminal proceedings.

7 December 2015

Occupy Democracy protestors cleared over sit-in during Parliament Square Protest

The defendants were represented by Tom Wainwright and Owen Greenhall of Garden Court Chambers.

21 July 2015

All notable cases and news

Past Notable Cases


INEOS vs Persons Unknown [2019] EWCA Civ 515
We represented environmental campaigners in this successful complex challenge against a High Court injunction brought by the fracking company, INEOS, and designed to deter protest against fracking. This injunction was described as one of the most wide-ranging ever granted against protestors. The case went to the Court of Appeal on a point of principle about suing “persons unknown”. The judgment recognised the serious chilling effect of the INEOS injunction on civil liberties and makes clear that the Court will intervene to prevent powerful companies like INEOS using draconian injunctions to intimidate and deter people from participating in lawful protest against fracking. Reported in Independent and Drill or Drop

‘Stansted 15’ avoid custodial sentence following conviction in 2018 for Endangering Safety at an Aerodrome
In 2018 the ‘Stansted 15’ took action to prevent a deportation flight removing people from the UK and taking them to countries where their lives were at risk due to their sexuality. Following trial, these fifteen defendants were convicted of ‘Endangering Safety at an Aerodrome’. We represented the protestors at the appeal, and after hearing mitigation, the trial judge was persuaded that although this action was an offence which would normally carry a custodial sentence, none of the defendants would be sent to prison in light of their Article 10 and 11 rights under the ECHR and their positive good character. Reported in BBC and Guardian.

UK Oil and Gas (UKOG) v Persons Unknown [2018] EWHC 2252 (Ch)
Represented six environmental campaigners who took legal action in high-profile challenge seeking to overturn a broad injunction sought by UK Oil and Gas against “persons unknown”, prohibiting lawful acts of protest against fracking activities. Reported in Guardian and Drill or Drop

Supreme Court challenge to fracking permission given to Cuadrilla
Garden Court counsel are representing anti-fracking campaigner, Gayzer Frackman, in his Supreme Court challenge to fracking permission given to Cuadrilla in Lancashire. If the appeal to the Supreme Court is successful, the Government will have to reconsider its decision to approve fracking at Preston New Road in Lancashire. Furthermore, the Government may be forced to strengthen its regulatory regime for fracking and review other grants of permission for fracking elsewhere in the country. Permission is awaited from the Supreme Court to pursue the challenge. Reported in BBC and Guardian.

‘Rotherham 12’ acquitted of violent disorder against far-right extremists 
Twelve Asian defendants were charged with violent disorder after a peaceful anti-fascist demonstration was directed into the path of vicious far-right football hooligans by South Yorkshire police. Ten of the twelve defendants were unanimously acquitted by a jury following a trial in October 2016, three of whom were represented by Garden Court counsel. Not Guilty verdicts were also entered against the remaining two, both represented by Garden Court, after further material came to light affecting the credibility of a key police witness. 

Defence & Security Equipment International (DSEI) protestors who acted to stop sale of illegal weapons acquitted
Eight protesters who blocked roads outside the DSEI arms fair in 2015 were found not guilty. The defendants argued that they were acting to prevent the illegal sale of torture equipment and weapons sold to countries that abused human rights. Garden Court represented one of the defendants. The judge ruled that the court had heard clear and unchallenged evidence relating to unlawful arms sales at previous (DSEI) events and that the prosecution had therefore failed to show that the defendants were not acting to prevent greater crimes. Reported in Guardian and Independent.

Occupy Protest acquittals
Garden Court represented four protestors from Occupy Democracy who were cleared of charges relating to a protest in Parliament Square in October 2014. The four were part of a group of protestors who were arrested after sitting on a tarpaulin and were charged with an offence of keeping in place ‘sleeping equipment’ in Parliament Square Gardens. This case was one of the first mass arrests under the PRSRA 2011 legislation governing Parliament Square. Following the judgment, the CPS offered no evidence against a further eight defendants facing similar charges. Reported in London Evening Standard

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