Alex Grigg

Year of Call: 2007

"Alex is very approachable and has an in-depth knowledge of community care, public and immigration law. He provided thorough advice, prepared meticulous written arguments and delivered very persuasively in court. He was also very inclusive with our vulnerable client and great at explaining complex legal issues."

Radhi Shah, Coram Children's Legal Centre

"Alex was an invaluable member of our team in the Rwanda litigation. His advice and written work were prompt, thorough, clear, and of the highest standard. Alex’s oral advocacy was also outstanding. I strongly recommend him."

Toufique Hossain, Duncan Lewis Solicitors

"The team found Alex approachable, extremely helpful and a pleasure to work with. Alex combines his immigration and public law expertise with strategic common sense and creativity, achieving great results for his clients. He dealt with high-level judicial and Home Office interventions with composure and effectiveness."

Toufique Hossain, Duncan Lewis Solicitors


To get in touch:​ Or you can contact the relevant​ Practice Team Clerks directly and they will be happy to assist with your enquiry.

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Alex Grigg is a barrister and mediator specialising in public and civil law. His areas of specialist expertise include immigration, asylum, unlawful detention, planning, housing and environmental law.

Alex has a wide-ranging mediation practice, from commercial disputes to public law and international dispute resolution.

Alex represents clients in the Tribunals, County Courts, High Court, Court of Appeal and European Court of Human Rights. He has particular experience in complex judicial reviews, acting both as sole counsel and as a led junior.

Alex is a CEDR accreditor mediator, and a member of the Garden Court Mediation Panel. He is also an adviser to The Oxford Process conflict resolution programme. Alex has experiencing mediating in disputes between private individuals, dispute between private individuals and public bodies, and disputes between public bodies.

Immigration Law


Alex is able to assist both publicly-funded and private clients in the full range of immigration work, from human rights, asylum and deportation issues to complex commercial immigration. He has experience in Tribunal appeals, further appeals up to the Court of Appeal, judicial reviews, bail applications and detention claims, including claims seeking damages, and has appeared in courts and Tribunals up to the Court of Appeal and European Court of Human Rights.

Alex was instructed in the recent litigation challenging the Home Secretary’s decisions to remove asylum seekers to Rwanda, appearing as sole counsel for HTN when successfully obtaining an interim injunction against removal from the Court of Appeal, and in interim proceedings in the High Court, then afterwards as a led junior for HTN and in the generic challenge to the policy.

Alex has experience and expertise in the full range of asylum and human rights cases. His recent cases include:

  • Contesting decisions limiting the scope of the ‘particular social groups’ protected by the Refugee Convention
  • Securing variation of onerous bail conditions
  • Appeals raising exclusion issues based on serious criminality
  • Obtaining urgent injunctions against removal, both on the papers and in out-of-hours appearances
  • Disputing ‘fresh claim’ and other decisions excluding in-country rights of appeal
  • Challenging adverse age assessment decisions
  • Challenging decisions on asylum support under sections 4 and 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999
  • Commercial immigration under the Points-Based System.

He is able to advise on pre-application strategy, as well as assist with challenging adverse decisions by administrative or judicial review. He can act for both private individuals and companies, including those applying for sponsor licences or seeking to avoid or dispute sponsor licence compliance action. Alex’s experience as a mediator in commercial disputes means he is well placed to understand the needs and strategic objectives of commercial actors.

Notable Cases

AAA & Ors v SSHD [2022] EWHC 1922 (Admin), [2022] EWHC 3230 (Admin) and [2023] EWHC 55
Alex represented the Claimant ‘HTN’ in the judicial review proceedings in the High Court challenging the Secretary of State’s decisions to remove asylum seekers to Rwanda. Alex was initially instructed as sole counsel, obtaining a rule 39 indication from the European Court of Human Rights and an interim injunction from the Court of Appeal protecting HTN from removal.

He appeared again unled on interim issues before the High Court and thereafter as junior counsel for HTN as well as the generic claimants, successfully persuading the Court to quash the Secretary of State’s decisions to treat HTN’s asylum claim as inadmissible and human rights claim as clearly unfounded. Alex contributed to the preparation of the successful grounds for appeal to the Court of Appeal.

MO (PA/07143/2019)
Asylum appeal raising issues concerning the treatment of physical and mental disabilities as representing ‘particular social groups’ under the Refugee Convention. The Upper Tribunal accepted Alex’s submissions that the FTT had erred by failing to treat both blind people and individuals suffering severely poor mental health as ‘particular social groups’ in Nigeria, setting aside the FTT’s decision.

Abdul (section 55 - Article 24(3) Charter) [2016] UKUT 106 (IAC) (Led by Stephen Knafler QC)
An EEA deportation case, where Mr Justice McCloskey held that Article 24(3) of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights creates a free standing right (although not absolute).

The Queen (on the application of HOD, by the Official Solicitor as his litigation friend) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWHC 1594 (Admin)
Where the Court, having previously ordered his release, declared that HOD had been unlawfully detained for seven months and nine days.

Peart v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2012] EWCA Civ 568 (Led in the Court of Appeal by Stephen Knafler QC)
Deportation appeal allowed on the basis that the immigration judge had failed to properly consider the appellant's child's best interests, failed to consider the best interests of all family members cumulatively and in the round, and had failed to give the appellant credit for evidence of positive change.

JO (qualified person - hospital order - effect) Slovakia [2012] UKUT 00237 (IAC)
Lord Justice McFarlane held that an EEA national does not cease to be a qualified person as a result of being detained in a hospital pursuant to an order of the court under the Mental Health Act 1983, having not been convicted of any criminal offence.

Submissions in the Court of Appeal in SY (Syria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department C5/2010/0388 were described by Lord Justice Moses as 'excellent and helpful', made with 'great good sense' and 'considerable insight'.

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Immigration Detention


Alex is regularly instructed in cases challenging ongoing detention of foreign nationals under immigration powers, or seeking damages for detention in the civil courts. He is available to be instructed from the earliest stages of a case, and has a track record of securing favourable settlement agreements including payment of substantial damages.

Notable Cases

AB v The Home Office (K01CL723) (ongoing)
Claim for damages for historic detention on grounds of incompatibility with the Hardial Singh principles.

AR v The Home Office (K02CL077) (ongoing)
Claim for damages for historic detention on grounds of the Home Office’s failure to take action to progress removal.

EH v SSHD (CO/1685/2023) (ongoing)
Application for judicial review of a fresh claim decision and Claimant’s detention in consequence of that decision. Alex is advancing arguments on the ramifications of unlawful immigration decisions for the lawfulness of consequent detention, an area presently subject to conflicting High Court authorities.

The Queen (on the application of HOD, by the Official Solicitor as his litigation friend) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWHC 1594 (Admin)
Where the Court, having previously ordered his release, declared that HOD had been unlawfully detained for seven months and nine days.

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Housing Law


Alex regularly advises and represents tenants in a broad range of hearings, including rent arrears, disrepair, homelessness and anti-social behaviour. Alex has had significant success in obtaining substantial damages for clients in counter-claims brought against possession proceedings.

Notable Cases

Tahir v Aghri & Anor (claim for possession of residential premises) [2023] EW Misc 2 (CC) (17 May 2023)
Alex represented the Defendants in possession proceedings, securing substantial damages totalling £46,500 in a counter-claim for disrepair, harassment, unlawful eviction and breach of tenancy deposit obligations. The judge noted Alex’s “helpful written and oral argument”, and accepted submissions that he should award both aggravated and exemplary damages.

Lambeth LBC v ZL (Legal Action February 2023, p 33; County Court at Clerkenwell and Shoreditch)
The tenant brought a counterclaim for disrepair in response to possession proceedings brought by the council. Default judgment was obtained against the council, and Alex represented the tenant in the hearing for assessment of damages. Alex secured substantial damages of £19,350, consisting of 40% of rent from the outset of possession, 90% of rent from the collapse of the bedroom roof, and 95% of rent for the winter period when the roof remained unrepaired. Alex successfully argued that the judge was entitled to award damages exceeding those which had been pleaded, the pleadings having been made before Alex was instructed.

Assured Property Services v Ooo (Legal Action September 2017, p 31; County Court at Edmonton)
Alex successfully represented the tenant in possession proceedings. DJ Lethem held that the landlord had contravened Gas Safety regulations by failing to serve a gas safety certificate prior to occupation of the premises by the tenant. The Judge set aside a possession order and dismissed the claim for possession, awarding costs to the tenant.

Hammersmith and Fulham LBC v Patterson (Legal Action May 2016, p 40; County Court at Willesden)
Alex successfully represented the tenant in an appeal against a possession order. The tenant was an ‘introductory tenant’ in council accommodation. HHJ Karp accepted Alex’s submissions that the Council’s s. 128 possession notice was invalid as imposing an extra-statutory condition that a review request be made in writing only.

Cutler v Barnet LBC 2014 EWHC 4445 (QB)
This was a successful appeal to the High Court, allowed by Mr Justice Supperstone on five grounds. It was held that the absence of a formal application under CPR 23 was not conclusive. CPR 3.8 & 9 do not require the application for relief to be made in writing. The judge had power under CPR 3.8 to determine the application and indeed could have done so of his own initiative. The Court should have balanced the CPR 3.9 factors and considered proportionality and the overriding objective, but had failed to do so. Debarring the Appellant from defending possession of her home purely on the basis that there had been no formal written application under CPR 23 amounted to a breach of Article 6.

London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham v Sean Patterson (HHJ Karp, Willesden County Court, 3rd September 2013)
A successful appeal was based on the proposition that a notice under sections 125 and 128 of Housing Act 1996 was invalid when it imposed a mandatory extra-statutory condition to request a review 'in writing'. Alex has advised on the settlement of other similar cases.

In Fakhari v Newman (Legal Action June 2010 p35) significant damages were awarded for disrepair and unlawful eviction. Damages included £2,000 for harassment and £2,000 for exemplary damages.

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Community Care


Alex has experience representing vulnerable care-leavers seeking support from local authorities. He has recently had success before the High Court in challenging a local authority’s refusal to conduct a ‘human rights assessment’ to assess the needs of a care-leaving failed asylum seeker who was in the process of making a fresh claim.

Alex is also experienced representing asylum seekers and others seeking accommodation and other support from the Home Office.

Notable Cases

R (DK) v London Borough of Croydon [2023] EWHC 1833 (Admin) (Led by Irena Sabic KC)
Represented the claimant DK in a challenge to Croydon’s refusal to provide care-leaver support. DK was an Albanian national who had claimed asylum in the UK and been cared for by Croydon. Croydon withdrew support when DK’s asylum claim was refused, and refused DK’s requests to reinstate support when he submitted a fresh claim. Following the hearing before the High Court, Croydon agreed to reconsider its decision to refuse support, and conduct a human rights assessment.

The Court accepted submissions from Alex and his leader Irena Sabic KC that it should decide the issue notwithstanding Croydon’s concession, and held that Croydon’s failure to conduct a human rights assessment had been unlawful. Judgment on the question whether DK was in fact entitled to support was stayed pending Croydon’s human rights assessment.

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Planning Law


Alex has appeared in planning and environmental cases at public inquiries, in the Magistrates' Court, County Court, Administrative Court and Court of Appeal. He has wide experience of planning inquiries, from pupillage and practice.

During pupillage, Alex assisted in the drafting of an application to Strasbourg regarding the Convention compatibility of the construction of 'dwelling house' under s.171(B)(2) TCPA 1990. The case settled, allowing the applicant to remain in a simple and unconventional dwelling. Alex has advised and represented in numerous cases involving Gypsies and Travellers.

Notable Cases

Mendip District Council v Arjuna of Avalon & Ors (D00YE132)
Alex represented a number of Defendants resisting an eviction claim by Mendip District Council. Following Alex’s submissions, the court accepted that the Defendants had a ‘seriously arguable’ defence to the proceedings under article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

Ashford Borough Council v R & Others (2016) QB
Mr Justice Hickinbottom granted but suspended the operation of an injunction, allowing a Gypsy family to remain on their land pending the outcome of their planning appeal.

The Queen on the Application of Connors and Doe v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government [2016] EWHC Admin, a judicial review in the wake of the declaration in R.

(Moore and another) v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government (Equalities and Human Rights Commission intervening) [2015] EWHC 44 (Admin)
Mr Justice Collins considered Boddington principles regarding the lawfulness of decisions pursuant to unlawful policies, but concluded that the proper forum for this was the existing s288 appeal, which Collins J suggested the SSCLG would be 'very sensible' to concede.

Meisels v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government and East Hampshire District Council (2016) QB section 288 appeal addressing procedural fairness.

Stevens v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government and Guildford Borough Council [2013] EWHC 792 (Admin)
This was a statutory challenge brought in respect of a planning inspector's decision to refuse temporary planning permission for a Gypsy site. The Claimant argued that the Inspector had failed to take account of the best interests of the children in accordance with the principles laid down by Baroness Hale in the Supreme Court decision in ZH(Tanzania) v SSHD [2011] UKSC 4. Mr Justice Hickinbottom accepted that the principles were relevant and gave guidance on their application in planning cases but concluded that on the facts of this case the Inspector had (by other means) complied with those principles (led by Marc Willers QC).

Led by Marc Willers QC, in the High Court Broxbourne Borough Council v Robb [2011] EWHC 1626 (QB), [2011] All ER (D) 197 (Jun), and Court of Appeal [2011] EWCA Civ 1355.

Mr Justice Cranston held that the local authority had discharged its duty under s.71 of the Race Relations Act 1976. Although it had not made any explicit reference to the provision in its papers, it was found that, in substance, the council had had regard to the special position of Gypsy and Traveller occupants of the site.

It was accepted that the decision to instigate proceedings had been taken in the context of there being no alternative authorised sites available. The presence on the site of long-term residents who were not affected by the injunction did not preclude the local authority from taking committal proceedings against people like Mr Robb who were not long-term residents.

It could not be said that Robb's appeal against change of use had real prospects of success, so that was not a compelling factor in favour of variation. The provision of stability and education for his children was a primary consideration but, in considering proportionality, Mr Justice Cranston held that very great weight had to be given to Robb's 'conscious defiance' of the law in establishing his home on an environmentally protected site.

The Court of Appeal held that Mr Justice Cranston's decision to make Mr Robb subject to a suspended committal order in respect of his failure to comply with an injunction prohibiting any residential development of a plot of land designated for leisure use was a proportionate response and could not be impugned.

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Notable Cases & News

Alex Grigg obtains permission from High Court to challenge 'clearly unfounded' certification of Albanian's asylum claim

Alex Grigg, of the Garden Court Chambers Immigration & Public Law Team, is instructed by Bahar Ata, Erin Alexander McGowan and Joshua Chia of Duncan Lewis.

6 November 2023

High Court rules Local Authorities obliged to consider support requests by appeal rights exhausted care leavers

Irena Sabic KC and Alex Grigg of Garden Court Chambers represented the Claimant, anonymised as DK, instructed by Radhi Shah of Youth Legal.

27 July 2023

Rwanda judgment: Permission to appeal to the Court of Appeal granted

Sonali Naik KC, Amanda Weston KC, Mark Symes, Eva Doerr, Isaac Ricca-Richardson, Alex Grigg, David Sellwood, Raza Halim and Ali Bandegani of Garden Court Chambers instructed for the claimants.

18 January 2023

Rwanda judgment: Home Secretary failed to properly consider if asylum seekers should not be relocated to Rwanda

Garden Court Chambers (with others) represented a number of claimants.

19 December 2022

Garden Court Barristers secure injunctions from the Court of Appeal for last few asylum seekers on Rwanda Flight

The Garden Court team who secured consisted of Sonali Naik QC, Adrian Berry, Grace Brown, Mark Symes, Alex Grigg, Maha Sardar, Ella Gunn, Eva Doer, and Stephen Clark.

15 June 2022

Garden Court Housing Team responds to Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government consultation on 'A new deal for renters'

The Garden Court Housing Team welcomes the government’s proposal to abolish no fault evictions (based on s.21 Housing Act 1988).

15 October 2019

Court granted injunction today for man facing deportation from UK to DRC

Alex Grigg of the Garden Court Immigration and Public Law Teams was instructed on behalf of Habib Bazaboko by Cyrielle Vallet Simond and Toufique Hossain of Duncan Lewis Solicitors.

12 April 2019

The Garden Court Chambers Housing Team respond to the consultation of Terms of Reference of the Grenfell Tower Inquiry

The Grenfell Tower Inquiry has called for responses to the consultation of Terms of Reference.

3 August 2017

Garden Court and Stephanie Harrison QC shortlisted for Human Rights and Public Law awards

Garden Court has been shortlisted at the Chambers Bar Awards, whilst Stephanie and our Public Law Team are shortlisted at the Legal 500 Awards.

21 October 2016

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  • MA (Hons)
  • LLB

Professional Membership

  • Administrative Law Bar Association (ALBA)
  • Housing Law Practitioners Association (HLPA)
  • Immigration Law Practitioners' Association (ILPA)


  • Spanish
  • French
  • Catalan

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