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Nick Bano

Year of Call: 2013

"Quick-thinking and creative."

Chambers & Partners 2021

“A rising star in housing law”

Chambers & Partners 2020

"Clients feel that Nick is really fighting their corner"

Chambers & Partners 2019

“Gives very detailed advice and leaves no stone unturned”

Chambers & Partners 2019

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Nick Bano specialises in representing homeless people, residential occupiers, and destitute & migrant households in both public law and private law disputes.

He has appeared in a number of significant Court of Appeal and High Court cases, and his expertise in social housing is recognised by Chambers & Partners and Legal 500.

Nick has particular expertise in cases where equality rights and social entitlement overlap.  He has been instructed in many of the important cases in this area, including Forward v Aldwyck and London & Quadrant v Patrick (on the Public Sector Equality Duty in housing possession claims) and Adesotu v Lewisham (on the County Court’s jurisdiction to consider discrimination challenges in homelessness cases).

Housing Law

Overview

Nick’s practice covers all aspects of legally aided housing law.  He has a great deal of experience in homelessness cases, as well as possession claims that turn on equality rights and complex public law issues. He has a particular interest in technical defences to section 21 claims

For the first few years of his practice Nick specialised in criminal defence work, which makes him an excellent trial advocate.

Chambers and Partners and Legal 500 recognise Nick as a leading junior in this field.

Notable Cases

Intentional homelessness and ‘settled’ accommodation
Bullale v Westminster [2020] EWCA Civ 1587
Nick was instructed in the first appeal, and was led by Liz Davies in the Court of Appeal, in a case concerning the relationship between statutory overcrowding and ‘settled’ accommodation in ‘intentional homeless’ cases.  The homeless applicant succeeded in the Court of Appeal.

Service of notices on deceased tenants
Gateway HA v Begum [2021] 1 WLR 289, CA
An important landlord and tenant case in which the Court of Appeal considered the proper procedure for serving notice to quit where the tenant had died intestate. Nick succeeded as trial counsel, and was led in the Court of Appeal.

Homelessness: jurisdiction
James v Hersmere BC [2020] 1 WLR 3606, CA
The Court of Appeal re-considered the correct approach to the County Court’s jurisdiction in homelessness appeals.  Nick had argued a ‘contracting out’ point in the court below, and was led in the Court of Appeal.

Discrimination challenges in homelessness cases
Adesotu v Lewisham [2019] 1 WLR 5637, CA
Nick sought to raise (apparently for the first time) a discrimination challenge in a statutory homelessness appeal.  The County Court’s decision to strike out the challenge led to a Court of Appeal case concerning the nature of the courts’ jurisdictions under the Housing Act 1996 and Equality Act 2010.  The Equality and Human Rights Commission intervened.  Nick was led in the Court of Appeal by Liz Davies.

The PSED as a defence to possession claims
Forward v Aldwyck [2019] HLR 47, CA
During the trial of a possession claim Nick established during cross-examination that the landlord had breached its PSED.  The court nonetheless ordered possession, and that decision was upheld on appeal to the High Court.  On the second appeal the Court of Appeal considered the nature of the PSED as a public law ‘process’ duty and approved the High Court’s judgment in L&Q v Patrick [2019] EWHC 1263, which was another case in which Nick had appeared for the disabled tenant.

Interim relief in housing judicial reviews
Nolson v Stevenage [2020] EWCA Civ 379
After the Administrative Court had dismissed a renewed oral application for interim relief (holding that it had no jurisdiction), Nick was instructed in an appeal to the Court of Appeal.  The appeal was initially disposed of on the papers but Nick persuaded Hickinbottom LJ to list the matter for an application to re-open the appeal, given the importance of the point. The application was dismissed as academic but the Court of Appeal provided important guidance on procedure.

The nature of the PSED defence
Patrick v London & Quadrant HT [2020] HLR 3, QBD
Another case in which Nick appeared for a disabled social housing tenant, the High Court’s decision Patrick is now the leading authority on the nature of the Public Sector Equality Duty as a defence to possession proceedings (having been cited with approval by the Court of Appeal).

Homelessness, discrimination and domestic violence
R (FB) v Camden (Women’s Aid intervening) (2020)
Nick was instructed to bring an emergency judicial review by a vulnerable survivor of domestic violence, to whom the council had provided inadequate accommodation in a mixed-gender hostel. Interim relief was granted, and the claim was given permission to proceed as a policy challenge, concerning whether the way in which the local authority accommodated survivors of domestic violence was discriminatory. Stephanie Harrison QC was brought in as leading counsel, and Women’s Aid (represented by Sophie Caseley, led by Shu Shin Luh) were granted permission to intervene.  The parties agreed a settlement shortly before the final hearing

Successful allocations challenge
R (Embalo & Others) v Lambeth (2020)
A number of homeless families in Lambeth instructed Nick to bring a challenge to the council’s ‘Temp2Settled’ scheme, which had resulted in a great many homeless households being removed from the council housing waiting list after they had accepted private sector offers. The claim was settled, with Lambeth agreeing to amend their scheme and add the affected households back on to the waiting list. 

Suitability, temporary accommodation & children’s rights
Anon v Lewisham (2018), Central London County Court
A homelessness appeal challenging the suitability of temporary accommodation.  The County Court accepted that there is no separate category of ‘temporary’ accommodation where the ‘main housing duty’ is owed.  The appeal succeeded on the ground that the council had failed to consider the impact on the children of their very long and difficult journey to school (commentary here).

Vulnerability and NowMedical
Thomas v Lambeth (Legal Action November 2017)
In a decision that a homeless person was not sufficiently ‘vulnerable’, the council had been wrong to rely on and adopt the approach of NowMedical.  The medical adviser had based their decision on the absence of any more serious symptoms, instead of engaging with the applicant’s actual condition.  The case has been cited in a number of newspaper articles about the adequacy of NowMedical’s reports.

Company landlords signing documents
Bali v Manaquel (Legal action June 2016)
On appeal to a circuit judge, Nick successfully argued the novel point that a company landlord was required to comply with section 44 of the Companies Act 2006 when signing company documents – which included the certificate required under the tenancy deposit protection regulations. As the certificate had not been properly signed and counter-signed the tenant had a valid defence.

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Administrative and Public Law

Overview

Nick has considerable experience of appearing in judicial review claims against local authorities and government departments, as well as in public law challenges in housing matters in the County Court.  

Notable Cases

Interim relief - procedure
Nolson v Stevenage [2020] EWCA Civ 379
After the Administrative Court had dismissed a renewed oral application for interim relief (holding that it had no jurisdiction), Nick was instructed in an appeal to the Court of Appeal.  The appeal was initially disposed of on the papers but Nick persuaded Hickinbottom LJ to list the matter for an application to re-open the appeal, given the importance of the point. The application was dismissed as academic but the Court of Appeal provided important guidance on procedure.

Rationality challenge against a children’s services
R (AA) v Southwark [2020] EWHC 2477
A successful judicial review challenging the lawfulness of the local authority’s assessment of a destitute family under the Children Act 1989.

Discrimination challenge against a local authority
R (FB) v Camden (2020)
A judicial review claim challenging the way in which Camden Council accommodates homeless women who have fled domestic violence.  Nick successfully obtained interim relief, and the parties agreed a settlement shortly before the final hearing (Women’s Aid Federation of England intervened).  Nick was led by Stephanie Harrison QC.

Public law principles in County Court claims
TM v Metropolitan [2020] EWHC 311
Following the recent decisions in Forward v Aldwyck and L&Q v Patrick (cases in which Nick appeared), the High Court reviewed the principles applicable to public law defences in housing possession claims.  TM concerned the correct approach to section 31(2A) of the Senior Courts Act where the court has identified a breach of the Public Sector Equality Duty.

Retrospective ratification of ultra vires acts
James v Hersmere BC [2020] 1 WLR 3606
Nick appeared at first instance in a case that where the local authority had failed to properly contract-out its functions because the contract was granted by an official who was not entitled, under the scheme of delegation, to do so.  The court at first instance held that the ultra vires act had been retrospectively ratified by the leader of the council just a few days before the hearing. The Court of Appeal considered the public law point, as well as a broader issue about jurisdiction.

Successful allocations challenge
R (Embalo & Others) v Lambeth
A number of homeless families in Lambeth instructed Nick to bring a challenge to the councils ‘Temp2Settled’ scheme, which had resulted in a great many homeless households being removed from the council housing waiting list after they had accepted private sector offers. The claim was settled, with Lambeth agreeing to amend their scheme and add the affected households back on to the waiting list. 

Successful challenge to an NRPF policy
R (AA) v Essex; R (CO) v Essex (2019)
Two simultaneous challenges to Essex Council’s ‘no recourse to public funds’ policy on the grounds that it made no provision for Zambrano carers, imposed unlawful residence criteria and provided unlawfully low rates of subsistence. The claims were settled (after the Administrative Court granted interim relief and permission) when Essex withdrew its policy.

Interim relief against two public bodies
R (FA) v Redbridge & SSHD [2018] EWHC 2189 (Admin)
Nick succeeded in two contested interim relief applications concerning the application of section 122 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (whether the local authority had reasonable grounds for believing that the Home Office could be required to provide asylum support).  At the second hearing, interim relief was ordered against both the local authority and the Home Office.

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Community Care Law

Overview

Nick is frequently involved in bringing claims relating to children’s rights and adult social care. He has an excellent grasp of the eligibility criteria and substantive rights under the Children Act and Care Act, as well as a strong tactical insight into local authority decision making.

Notable Cases

Section 17 and credibility
R (AA) v Southwark [2020] EWHC 2477
The Administrative Court considered another challenge in the ‘culture of disbelief’ line of cases (where local authorities decide that the family has failed to prove the negative of its destitution).  Nick successfully represented the Claimant.

Discontinuing support
R (SS) v Greenwich (2019)
Nick successfully obtained interim relief on the papers for a destitute family that had been sleeping in a disability mobility vehicle.  The case raised the unsettled question of whether (or in what circumstances) a local authority may stop providing section 17 support while the family remains in need. Edis J said that the claim “may raise some complex legal issues”.  Permission for judicial review was later granted.

Successful challenge to an NRPF policy
R (AA) v Essex; R (CO) v Essex (2019)
Two simultaneous challenges to Essex Council’s ‘no recourse to public funds’ policy on the grounds that it made no provision for Zambrano carers, imposed unlawful residence criteria and provided unlawfully low rates of subsistence. The claims were settled (after the Administrative Court granted interim relief and permission) when Essex withdrew its policy.

Interim relief against two public bodies
R (FA) v Redbridge & SSHD [2018] EWHC 2189 (Admin)
Nick succeeded in two contested interim relief applications concerning the application of section 122 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (whether the local authority had reasonable grounds for believing that the Home Office could be required to provide asylum support).  At the second hearing, interim relief was ordered against both the local authority and the Home Office.

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Notable Cases & News

Successful policy challenge: homeless women fleeing domestic violence

Stephanie Harrison QC and Nick Bano represented the Claimant. Sophie Caseley was instructed by Bhatt Murphy for Women’s Aid, who intervened in the case.

4 March 2021

Settled accommodation – Doka revisited

Blog by Connor Johnston. Liz Davies and Nick Bano of the Garden Court Housing Team acted for the Respondent Ms Broderick.

15 December 2020

Homelessness, ‘settled’ accommodation and overcrowding

Liz Davies and Nick Bano of the Garden Court Chambers Housing Team represented the applicant, instructed by Grainne McCormack of Gillian Radford solicitors.

25 November 2020

Court of Appeal considers service of notices on deceased tenants

Nick Bano of the Garden Court Chambers Housing Team has acted in an important Court of Appeal case concerning the proper procedure for serving notice on a tenant who has died without leaving a will. Nick was instructed by Manjit Mandair of Osbornes Solici

22 October 2020

Significant challenge to Lambeth’s housing policy conceded

Two members of Garden Court’s Housing Team, Liz Davies and Nick Bano, have been involved in bringing an important challenge to Lambeth Council’s allocations and homelessness policy.

25 June 2020

Court of Appeal's judgment in the case of James v Hertsmere Borough Council: What does it mean for jurisdiction of County Court?

Nick Bano of the Garden Court Chambers Housing Team discusses the Court of Appeal's judgment in the case of James v Hertsmere Borough Council.

2 April 2020

Court of Appeal rules that the County Court has jurisdiction when hearing homelessness appeals to consider challenges to councils’ ‘contracting-out’ processes

Nick Bano of the Garden Court Chambers Housing Team represented the Appellant in James v Hertsmere Borough Council in the Court of Appeal, judgment handed down on 2 April 2020.

2 April 2020

Nick Bano joins Garden Court Chambers as a new tenant

Nick specialises in representing homeless people, residential occupiers, and destitute & migrant households in both public law and private law disputes.

12 March 2020

All related news

Background

Before becoming a barrister Nick worked in the advice sector (he was a caseworker at a number of law centres).

Nick also had a number of roles in the international sphere. He worked at the UN’s International Labour Organization in Geneva, the Yugoslavia tribunal in The Hague, and the International Centre for Trade Union Rights (a labour rights NGO).

Professional Membership

Housing Law Practitioners Association
Haldane Society of Socialist Lawyers (vice-chair)
International Centre for Trade Union Rights
Legal Sector Workers United

 

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