Ali Bandegani specialises in international protection, human rights and public law.
DH (Particular Social Group: Mental Health) Afghanistan  UKUT 00223: The Refugee Convention 1951 provides greater protection than Directive 2004/83/EC. A Particular Social Group may include a person who has or is perceived to have a disability or mental illness even where no firm diagnosis is possible.
MSU (S.104(4b) notices) Bangladesh  UKUT 00412: the Upper Tribunal (IAC) has the power under S25 of the TCEA 2007 to extend time for continuing with a refugee status appeal otherwise deemed abandoned by statute and the procedure rules.
KV v SSHD (Helen Bamber Foundation, Freedom from Torture, and Medical Justice intervening)  UKSC 10: Landmark Supreme Court ruling reasserting the role of the Istanbul protocol for the investigation of torture and medical expertise in asylum claims. AIi represented all three intervenors.
R (on the application of MW) v SSHD (Fast track appeal: Devaseelan guidelines)  UKUT 00411: The “starting point” principle in second asylum appeals is not a legal straitjacket. Judicial fact-finders may depart from the earlier judicial decisions on a principled and properly-reasoned basis.
AS (Afghanistan) v SSHD (UNHCR intervening)  EWCA Civ 873: A guideline case on the correct approach to ‘internal relocation’ under Art 1A(2) of the Refugee Convention 1951. Ali represented the UNHCR whose core submission was accepted by the court.
R (N) v SSHD (JR/ 7389/2018): By consent the SSHD amended her policy “Withdrawing Asylum Claims Version 5.0” introducing a range of procedural safeguards to protect disabled or incapacitous persons from inadvertent withdrawal of their asylum claims, and created a procedure for re-opening claims incorrectly treated as withdrawn.
R (FB and another) v SSHD (Public Law Project Intervening)  UKUT 428 (IAC): In the course of this claim, the SSHD amended her removal policy to allow individuals to request access to advice, documents and the courts. Lane J held the amended policy was legally deficient in two further significant respects.
S.A.C. v United Kingdom, App no. 31428/2018: The ECtHR granted S.A.C. interim relief under Rule 39 of the court’s procedures. On communicating the case it asked whether concealment of sexual orientation to avoid ill-treatment is compatible with convention rights. Before trial the UK conceded and granted SAC refugee status.
R (Bah) v SSHD  EWHC 2942: Mr Bah was a serious offender posing a high risk re-offending. When his mental health deteriorated, the decision maker appeared to “focus on looking for reasons not to release rather than a clear application of the AAR policy in light of the new evidence.” Substantive damages awarded for the last 35 days‘ detention.
KV (Sri Lanka) v SSHD  WLR(D) 159: Successful intervention on behalf of the Helen Bamber Foundation in which the Upper Tribunal's controversial guidance in KV (scarring - medical evidence) Sri Lanka  UKUT 00230 was disapproved.
LT (Kosovo) v SSHD  EWCA Civ 1246: Authority on the tribunal's approach to deportation orders made on the basis that an individual's offending had caused "serious harm" per para. 398(c) of the immigration rules.
R (HN and SA) (Afghanistan) v SSHD  EWCA Civ 123: Ali secured 15 individual injunctions from McCloskey J, and an historic generic injunction from the Court of Appeal preventing removal to Afghanistan by charter flight which led to the suspension of charter flights to Afghanistan.
Sanneh & Ors v SSWP  WLR(D) 62: Authority on issues concerning the entitlement to social benefits of non-EU nationals who were the primary carers of children who were EU citizens and British nationals.
R (Ali Zahid) v SSHD  EWHC 4290: The SSHD's failure to give the Claimant notice of removal, then telling him removal would not occur, amounted to an illegality and the Claimant was entitled to more than nominal damages.
FA (Iraq) v SSHD  1 WLR 2545: Authority on the tribunal's jurisdiction in 'upgrade appeals' (s83. NIAA 2002) to determine status pursuant to subsidiary protection in addition to refugee status. Ali drafted initial permission applications for permission to appeal.
SM (Section 8: Judge's process) Iran  INLR 149: Authority on approach to and meaning of s.8 of the 2004 Act concerning the Judge’s assessment of credibility.
Country Guideline cases
KH (Article 15(c) Qualification Directive) Iraq CG  UKAIT 00023
Effectively became QD & AH (Iraq) -v- SSHD  Imm AR 132, authority on the core scope and meaning of subsidiary protection in situations of armed conflict pursuant to Art. 15(c) of the Qualification Directive.
MA (Palestinian Arabs - Occupied Territories - Risk) CG  UKAIT 00017
Held Palestinian males suspected of terrorist involvement by the Israeli state will be at real risk of persecution and/or Article 3. Denial of right of return without more does not give rise to a real risk of persecution, a finding upheld by the Court of Appeal: MA (Palestine) -v- SSHD  Imm AR 617.
FK (FGM - Risk and Relocation) Kenya CG  UKAIT 00041
Held a woman will be at real risk in her own home area if she comes from an ethnic group (or sub-group) where female genital mutilation (FGM) is practised but such women can reasonably relocate and will not be at risk of FGM from the 'Mungiki'. In the Court of Appeal it was held the tribunal did not consider FK's case with sufficient specificity: FK (Kenya) v SSHD  EWCA Civ 119.
NS (Iraq: perceived collaborator: relocation) Iraq CG  UKAIT 00046
Held those suspected of perceived collaboration with Multi National Forces are at real risk of persecution and/or Article 3 ECHR breach in Iraq. No internal relocation to the Kurdish Region.
LM (Educated women - Chaldo-Assyrians - risk) Iraq CG  UKAIT 00060
Held that Christian, English-speaking Iraqi women are at real risk of persecution because of the armed conflict in Iraq. There is no possibility of relocating to the Kurdish Region.