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Ben has an international practice encompassing all areas of alternative dispute resolution. Building on his construction experience he has represented clients both contractors and employers, thereafter his instructions widened to include all aspects of international trade. He regularly serves as an arbitrator, adjudicator and mediator.



Over the last 20 years Ben has been appointed an arbitrator in more than 190 disputes both domestic and international. He has also been appointed as an adjudicator of more than 20 occasions. He has acted for parties in arbitrations in various locations including UAE, Hong Kong, Singapore, Vietnam, France, United Kingdom and the United States. His expertise lies in contract analysis and the variations to those contracts whether oral or written.

He is also regularly instructed to advise on matters relating to tax and offshore corporations. He acted for a Taxpayer and won a costs order against the HMRC as well as a large repayment. He acted for a former POW imprisoned in Taiwan who attempted to obtain the fullest level (of five) of apology from the Japanese Government. He also advised on an appeal against a conviction for manslaughter.

Notable Cases

Administrative law. Compulsory purchase. Costs order
Tong Tim Nui v Hong Kong Housing Authority [1999] HKCA 490
Court of Appeal
Acting for appellant.
Appeal against order for costs against appellants based upon unreasonable behaviour of the authority. Costs order set aside.
Appeal allowed

Administrative law
Hong Kong Housing Society v Tang Kar Hung [2000] HKCA 321
Court of Appeal
Acting for applicant seeking leave to appeal to the Court of Final Appeal. Application granted. Order 14 is a final judgment and the right of appeal is automatic.

Arbitration: indemnity costs
China Xinxing Corporation v Mid-Point Development Ltd [1993] HKCFI 142
Acting for plaintiff/claimant. Award issued in favour of the plaintiff. Defendant issued a summons to challenge in time. Defendant did not file any evidence or detail within summons. Defendant did not appear at hearing. Application for indemnity costs for the plaintiff granted.

Arbitration, technical misconduct not found.
James Humphrey v Dua Contractors & Co limited [1997] HKCA 644
Acting for appellant contractor. Whether arbitrator technically misconducted himself in failing to adopt the correct rules and procedures. He did not. Appeal dismissed.

Arbitration: Section 44 of the Arbitration Ordinance where an award may be refused if the person against whom it is invoked proves that he was unable to present his case.
Shenzhen ACG industrial imp and Exp Corp v Authority property Ltd [1997] HKCFI 341
Acting for appellant. Award issued in favour of the defendant. Appellant alleged unable to put its complete case to arbitral tribunal. The appellant not present but legally represented at tribunal. The appellant alleged threats of kidnapping. Court found complete case was submitted to tribunal, appeal rejected.

Construction: breach of regulations concerning dangerous place of work

Role of expert witness
R v Kai Tai Construction Engineering Co Limited [1996] HKCFI 65
Acting for appellant. Appeal from magistracy

Prosecution called an expert witness whose evidence was relied on by the judge was an employee of the Labour Department. Appellant argued that expert could not be independent. Court agreed. Appeal allowed, conviction quashed.

Construction: claims for delay and or breaches of contract
Chung Fai Engineering Co v Maxwell Engineering co Ltd [2001] HKCA 434
Court of Appeal. Acting for plaintive/ appellant
Economic duress. Was there evidence for the judge at first instance to find that the defendant was not guilty of such delay as would justify the termination of the contract. Not for Court of Appeal to interfere with findings of fact. Appeal dismissed.

R v Hung Hak Sing [1995] HKCA 436
Court of Appeal
Acting for appellant.
Meaning of "a view to dishonest gain". Accused acting out of friendship, No thought of gain.
Appeal allowed conviction quashed.

Crime trafficking in dangerous drugs
Immunity and accomplice evidence
R v Lam Ching Ko and another [1996] HKCA 298
Court of Appeal
Acting for appellant
Evidence against appellant depended almost entirely upon accomplices given immunity.
Nine week trial. After seven weeks and accomplices completed their evidence radical amendments made to 2nd charge. Were appellants Given a fair trial? Appellants did not give evidence. Only defence was cross-examination for inconsistencies. Statements not given to the jury. General pressure from judge to speed cross-examination.
Incorrect direction as to character.
Appeals allowed conviction quashed.

Crime trafficking in dangerous drugs
HKSAR v Wong Yat Hing [1998] HKCA 253
Court of Appeal
Acting for appellant
Challenges to summing up. No requirement for summing up to detail every inconsistency. Appeal dismissed.

Crime: assault occasioning actual bodily harm
HKSAR v Cheng Chun Ming [1999] HKCFI 658
Acting for appellant against conviction
Various conflicts and discrepancies in the evidence not addressed adequately in the judgment. Appeal allowed conviction quashed.

Crime false accounting
HKSAR v Lo Jock Huen [1999] HKCA 333
Court of Appeal

Acting for appellant
Creation of an invoice to facilitate letter of credit. Invoice suggested supply of goods when no goods supplied. Invoice not supplied for accounting purposes.
The discounting bank has to have been shown or could have been shown to be at risk. No evidence of risk. R v Mallett 1978 1 WLR 820 considered. Distinguished. Wording differed. Key test "what do you need this for"? It was required for the accounting purposes of discounting bank. Appeal dismissed.

Evidence, Hearsay notice
Cheung Shing Yuk Tong Co Ltd v Hip Hing Construction Co Ltd
[1996] HKCFI 416
Acting for defendant/applicant. Notice of hearsay served late. Order 38 of the rules of the Supreme Court considered. Court considered there was a residual discretion to admit a hearsay notice served late. Court distinguished Ford v Lewis 1971 1 WLR 623. Applicant's request for leave granted.

Labour tribunal and errors of law by the presiding officer.
Setyoningsih Sulis v Cheng Yin Ching [1993] HKCFI 251
Acting for appellant claimant. Presiding officer failed to take account of a breach of regulations by employer. Further the contract required that the employer give receipts for wages. No receipts given. Appeal allowed, Claims to be met in full.

Labour Tribunal and security for costs order.
Ellen Alagahit v Wong Fung Lan [1996] HKCFI 38
Acting for claimant/appellant. Claimant domestic worker who claimed wrongful termination. The presiding officer at the Labour tribunal permitted the claimant to proceed but issued a security for costs order against her.

Such an order may be granted subject to certain conditions being met. The conditions were not met. Order 23 rules of the Supreme Court had no application to labour tribunal proceedings. An order for security costs is not a procedural matter. Appeal allowed.

Summary judgment Order 14, challenge as to legality of loan agreement
Wong Man Pan [2001] HKCFI 1024
Acting for appellant. Order 14 judgement in favour of defendant. Appellant argued cogent issues relating to legality of the loan agreement should be fully argued at trial. Expert report produced as to legality. Sufficient doubt as to legality raised to permit successful appeal and disputes should go to trial. Appeal allowed.

Contact Ben


Ben left school at 17. He became a bricklayer's assistant, graduating up to become a steel fixer at which he worked for two-and-a-half years before becoming a shuttering carpenter.

He started work as a building contractor, finally building six houses adjacent to Clapham Common, while reading for the Bar. At this time he also worked with Rusheen Wynne Jones in various charitable/voluntary projects including the Phesantry Preservation Trust chaired by Sir John Betjeman. He worked at the free representation unit in the 70s.


Books & Journals:

1987 Land Development, Reading University, with Professor Neil Crosby

1994 Chinese International Commercial Arbitration (Simmonds and Hill) with Danny Choi, Raymond Au and the late Hans Marcus

1994 Chinese Maritime Law and Arbitration (Simmonds and Hill) with Professor Philip Yang

1995Commentary upon the Chinese Arbitration Act (Simmonds and Hill) with Danny Choi and Professor John Luk

1999 Arbitration Procedure in Asia (Sweet & Maxwell)

General Editor

1989 Arbitration & Rent Review, 1st Edition, Estate Gazette

1993 Arbitration & Rent Review, 2nd Edition

2004 Arbitration & Rent Review, 3rd Edition With forward by Lord Bingham of Cornhill.

2018 FIDIC Yellow Book 2017, A Commentary

2019 FIDIC Red Book 2017, A Commentary 

2020 The Investor-State Dispute Settlement System: Reform, Replace or Status Quo?

Training and Seminars

Ben provides training of all aspects of arbitration and mediation. He is an approved trainer for the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. He is currently working with the UCLH palliative care team providing mediation training.

He also works as a member of the Forum for International Conciliation and Arbitration, FICA, which he founded in 1996. His first training role for FICA was to provide training for 58 persons of various professions in Zambia organised by the Law Association of Zambia and to assist the Ministry of Legal Affairs as it then was to draft a new arbitration act which was enacted in 2002.

FICA was invited to join the United Nations as an observer for UNCITRAL in 2002 and has since worked within the various working groups insisting in the production of model laws, conventions and guides. Ben was a member of the expert group directed to produce a model law on Secure Transactions from 2005 to 2007.

Recently FICA has been awarded a contract to provide training in Investment law and Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) to Government officials and legal professionals from the Western Balkan countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia.

Ben has also worked with the International Trade Centre as a member of the model contract drafting team. He is currently a member of three working groups of the International Chamber of Commerce drafting construction-related international form contracts.

He speaks regularly at conferences addressing all aspects of alternative dispute resolution.


Chartered Arbitrator
FIDIC President's List of Adjudicators


Ben featured on an episode of the BBC show Questions Answered, which was first broadcast in May 2021, click here to listen.


  • London University External LLB 1960-63
  • Council of Legal Education 1974-77
  • Ealing Polytechnic BA Economics 1982-83
  • Oxford Polytechnic BSc Estate Management 1985-88

Professional Membership

  • Chartered Surveyor
  • Fellow, Royal Institute Chartered Surveyors
  • Fellow, Chartered Institute of Arbitrators
  • Civil Mediation Council


  • Some French

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