Clare is experienced in all types of criminal defence work including murder, manslaughter and serious sexual offences at trial and appellate level. She has acted as a junior and leading junior.
Much of Clare’s recent work has included representing defendants who are vulnerable either because of age, mental illness, learning disability, neuro-developmental conditions and deafness. She has often acted for defendants in trials where witnesses are particularly vulnerable. Ongoing case work includes acting as leading junior in multi-handed historical sexual offences, murder and serious sexual offences.
Clare has a particular interest in representing abused women who kill their violent partners. She regularly advises on appeals against conviction. Her ongoing appellate work includes a case involving coercive control as provocation, cases of loss of control and diminished responsibility. She assisted in written submissions to the House of Lords in Smith (Morgan James)  4 All ER 291 in a third party intervention on behalf of Justice for Women and Southall Black Sisters. She has also worked on Law Commission projects on the reform of the law of homicide with particular reference to abused women who kill (now ss [52-56] Coroners and Justice Act 2009).
Other areas of interest include unfitness to plead and special measures. Clare led the Law Commission consultation on Unfitness to Plead Law Com CP 197, which addresses the question of a ‘capacity’ based test for criminal law. She has conducted numerous fitness to plead and section 4A hearings (including hearings where the defendant was charged with an inchoate offence and where the accused suffered from Down’s Syndrome. Ongoing work includes a case of incitement to sexual activity, where the accused suffers from autism and learning disability.
Clare was a contributor to Blackstone’s Criminal Practice 2016.
What others say
“Her client care is excellent and her cross-examination is a masterpiece.”
The Legal 500 2017 (Crime)
“Her decision making is astute and her execution unerring”
The Legal 500 2016 (Crime)
R v Stacey Hyde (re-trial – Winchester Crown Court) April-May 2015
Stacey was convicted of murdering a violent man in 2010 when she was aged 17 and he was aged 32. Her conviction was quashed and a retrial ordered in 2014 on the grounds that fresh medical evidence showed she may only have been guilty of manslaughter by reason of diminished responsibility. At her retrial she was acquitted of both murder and manslaughter on the grounds of self-defence. This case was reported widely by the media, including by the Guardian, the BBC and the Telegraph.
R v Hyde (Stacey)  EWCA Crim 673
Out-of-time murder appeal of a teenager with ADHD and mental health problems.
Dixon (Jordan)  EWCA Crim 465
Murder. Inference from silence – special measures for young defendant with ADHD and learning difficulties. Leading authority on s35 (silence) intermediaries and importance of ground rules hearings.
R v Jackson  EWCA Crim 613
Fresh evidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and ADHD. Diminished responsibility 20 years after the original trial.
R v Scamp  EWCA Crim 2219
Murder. Abused woman who killed.
R v Akers  EWCA Crim 2066
Murder. Abused woman who killed.
R v O (Southwark Crown Court) June 2015
Historical manslaughter trial. Acted as leading junior.
R v S  EWCA Crim 2919]
The appellant was a victim of human trafficking. The case engaged Article 26 (non-punishment provision) of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.
Attorney General’s Reference (Nos 76/77 2014)
Sentencing for human trafficking.
R v Okedare  3 ALL E.R 109
Guidelines on leave to appeal for absent appellants. Applicant was child victim of trafficking believed to have been re-trafficked
R v HXN CET s 197 Arts 26, linked to R v L  EWCA Crim 991
Vietnamese child trafficking victim believed to have been re-trafficked.
R v Tallat Ashar (Minshull Street Crown Court) 2012
The complainant was deaf and without speech, all cross-examination was conducted through three signers, a deaf without speech intermediary and a clinical psychologist. This case was widely reported in the national press, including the BBC, The Independent and the Manchester Evening News.
Drugs and money-laundering
R v Mohan and others (Central Criminal Court) July 2015
£40 million-pound money-laundering case. Acted as leading junior.
R V Henry  EWCA Crim 980
Importation of Class A drugs. The appellant was an abused woman.
R v Haxihaj and others 2013 Wood Green Crown Court
Conspiracy to supply 70 kilos of Class A drugs.
R v Smith and others  EWCA Crim 11
£500 million cocaine importation.
R v Djahit (1999) 2 Cr App R (S) 142
Guideline case. Supply drugs.
R v Esat and others (1999)
£100 million heroin conspiracy.
R v Simsek, Kaynak & Honz (1998) 2 Cr App R (S) 283
R v G (2017)
Historical sexual offences 5 complainants.
R v L (2017) (2017)
Rapes, press coverage.
R v Leacock
Rape defendant with autism and learning disability, coverage in national press
R v S (2017)
Multiple historical rapes.
R v V (2017)
Multiple historical sexual offences defendant suffered from personality disorder and learning difficulties.
R v Dawson (2016)
Historical sexual offences in the Court Martial, offences allegedly committed outside the jurisdiction by defendant when he was a child. Successful submission of doli incapax. Appealed by prosecution as terminating ruling in the Court Martial Appeal Court. Successful out of time defence appeal against preliminary ruling on admissibility of bad character. Acted as leading junior.
R v C (2016)
Historical rapes allegedly committed when defendant was a child.
R v H (2016)
Defendant with autism and learning disability accused of conspiracy to rape 2 year old child.
R V K (2016)
Child accused of rape. The complainant was a child who has Asperger’s syndrome and ADHD.
R v R (2016)
Vulnerable defendant exclusion confession evidence, defendant evidence on live link, exclusion of linked evidence.
R v D (2016)
Woman accused of historical sexual offences.
R v BR (2016)
Young woman accused of sexual offences and child cruelty against 6 year old child.
R v D (2015)
Man suffering from Asperger’s Syndrome accused of rape.
R V H
Historical sexual offences.
R v KH (October 2014)
Multiple counts historical sexual offences.
R v H and another (June 2014)
Historical sexual offences: complainant, defendants and witnesses all profoundly deaf or deaf. Cameras used in court for the first time to visually record the evidence of deaf witnesses.
R V J (2015)
Oxford student accused of rape.
R v J (2013)
Sexual offences. Five-year-old complainant.
R v B (2012)
Historical sexual offences. 30 years’ delay.
R V L (November 2015)
Young woman accused of failure to prevent serious harm and child cruelty in circumstances where her violent boyfriend had caused life-threatening injuries to 9-month-old baby.
Juror charged with contempt of court.
Other Appellate work
R v Turner (Jennifer)  EWCA Crim 1249
Out-of-time appeal against imprisonment for public protection (IPP) for mentally-ill woman.
R v IA TA FA  EWCA Crim 1308
Special measures, intermediaries, racism in the jury room.
Dixon (Hainsley)  EWCA Crim 601;R v Dixon  EWCA Crim 924
Women, firearms and the minimum term amid history of depression and domestic violence.
R v Stratford  EWCA Crim 888
Mortgage fraud disparity sentencing.
R v Williams  EWCA Crim 2226
Identification – vulnerable defendant with severe learning difficulties.
R v Barrat  EWCA Crim 1069
R v Miah and others (2016)
Multi-handed violent robberies.
R v C (2016)
16 year old charged with armed robbery
R v Black and others (1995) CCC
Armed robberies. The client escaped during the trial, and was described in the national press as Britain’s ‘most dangerous man’.
- ‘Making special measures special; reasonable adjustments for deaf witnesses and defendants’ in Addressing Vulnerability in Justice systems Wildy, Simmonds and Hill Publishing 2016.
- Contributor toBlackstones Criminal Practice 2016 edition (Oxford University Press)
- ‘The Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Unfitness to plead) Act 1991 and the Juries Act 1974: Irreconcilable Problems’,CLR1999, 656 (article cited in B and others  1 Cr.App.R 19 and Crim.L.R 2009 608-610).
- ‘Prevention of Harm: Legislative Strategies for Law Reform,’The Journal of Criminal Law Vol 72.3 2008.
- ‘Partial Defences to Murder’Law Commission Consultation Paper No. 173 (contribution).
- ‘Partial Defences to Murder’Law Commission Consultation Paper No. 290 (contribution).
- ‘A New Homicide Act for England and Wales?’Law Commission Consultation Paper No. 177 (contribution).
- ‘Murder, Manslaughter and Infanticide’Law Commission Paper No. 304 (contribution).
- ‘Conspiracy and Attempt’Law Commission Consultation Paper No. 183 (contribution).
- ‘Conspiracy and Attempt’Law Commission Consultation Paper No 318 (contribution).
- ‘Unfitness to Plead’Law Commission Consultation Paper No 197.
- ‘Reforming the test for unfitness to plead (a capacity based test)’Legal Action, November 2010.
- ‘Reforming the law on unfitness to plead’CBQ Dec 2010.
Seminars and Training
Clare has given seminars and written on subjects such as the Serious Crime Act 2007 and reform of the law on provocation, unfitness to plead, special measures for vulnerable defendants, the use of intermediaries and the Legal Aid Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012.
She presented a paper entitled ‘Competence to Stand Trial and the Nature of the Offence’ at the International Academy of Law and Mental Health Congress in New York (2009) and assisted on the Feminist Judgments Project (2010).
Clare acted as quality assurance commentator for the Advocacy Training Counsel Toolkit 11 “Planning to question someone who is deaf” and has recently been involved in updating this toolkit. Clare presented a paper on deaf witnesses and defendants at the TAG International Conference on vulnerable defendants June 2015.